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Franklin Wood Stoves - Freestanding, Cast-Iron Stove | Fireplaces Guide

Franklin Wood and Pellet Stoves

Franklin stoves are a sort of half way house between a stove and a fireplace. They can be used with the doors open like a fireplace or closed like a stove. A Franklin stove is more efficient than a fireplace but not as efficient as a stove.

Franklin Wood Stove

Franklin Wood Stove

Franklin Wood Stove manufacturers Franklin brands have generally, a freestanding, cast-iron, wood burning stove, open at the front and baffles at the back to improve the airflow. It is named after Benjamin Franklin who is known for its invention in 1742. Franklin improved the quality and metallurgy of the cast iron so it did not crack when fired and promoted the use of the stove.

This wood stove was also known as a circulating stove or a Pennsylvania fireplace. Franklin wood stove provided more heat with greater safety than a conventional fireplace. It’s good to note that in the U.S., Franklin Wood Stove was used to warm frontier dwellings, farmhouses and urban homes for more than two centuries.

Design of Franklin Wood Stoves

The original design of Franklin had included the opening to the flue (behind the baffles) to be in the floor of the stove, which was a bad idea because, the hot exhaust gases had to flow down before going up the chimney. Others soon corrected this faulty design. But Franklin himself made a lot of improvement with better fume extraction and a provision for the use of coal sometime in the 1770s.

Compared to the modern wood-burning stoves and pellet stoves, traditional Franklin stoves were not preferable, when it came to efficiency, clean burning or safety. But they are still vastly favorites as they simply suck the heat from a room and send it up the chimney.

Contemporary Franklin came with glass-fronted doors that could be opened to give the immediate warmth and beauty of an open fire or closed to yield the advantages of an efficient, slow-burning stove.

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