Clay Wood Fired Pizza Ovens

A wood burning pizza and bread oven is a special oven, which is made out of clay adobe, refractory concrete (heat resistant mix that is made from ingredients, which can withstand prolonged high heat conditions) or refractory fire bricks.

Usually, wood burning pizza ovens were made of material, which was easy to obtain in nature and was not very costly. In a modern world, the manufacturers have everything they need to build a wood oven, which is readily available in most building and refractory store yards.

There is a number of misconceptions about how wood fired ovens supposed to work, and it can lead to the wrong materials being used to build the floor and walls of said oven. The most general mistake, which people make, is choosing the wrong kind of bricks.

A large amount of people are under the impression that a wood fired pizza oven should be constructed out of insulating fire bricks, in order to the heat from the fire to be ‘trapped’ inside the cooking area. Even though you need your oven to be well insulated, these bricks are definitely not the right kind to use.

How Does the Wood Burning Pizza Oven Work

To start using a wood-burning oven you need, unsurprisingly, to build a fire inside of it. The chimney flue and door should be left open during firing of the oven. During the time when the fire burns, the interior of the oven retains and absorbs the heat. When the inside of the oven chamber becomes white-hot, the fire should be let to die down. After that, the embers should be swept out, or off to the side.

Then follows the closing of the chimney and door and within the oven the temperature is allowed to even out . After several moments the oven is ready to bake pizzas.

A fire is built inside the oven. The fire, giving off the heat which the heavy oven walls absorb, burns. After that, the moment the dome chamber inside is heated to the even white-hot, the fire is allowed to die down or kept burning only very gently for longer. The embers can be swept out of the oven or left somewhere aside in the oven.

From the heat of the wood fire stored in the walls of the wood oven you can bake:

  • Bread
  • Pizza
  • Sausages
  • Cakes
  • Cookies
  • Meat.

Heat is distributed evenly around by radiating out of every heat source (by a physical law, which is called blackbody radiation, as in our electric or sun radiator). The whole radiant heat, which is absorbed in by the oven walls and floor at this moment is slowly radiating out, redistributing around and working for the cook.

And it’s done quite efficiently actually, without unevenness. It’s the same like with a floor heating at home the radient heat source from the heated floor, where the whole walls and vault of the oven come from everywhere, from an every square inch, and not just from a single spot but from the whole surface area of the hot surface. The abducted heat is conducted and spreaded around in the hard material evenly. Used for the wood burning pizza oven firebricks are just perfect for this.

Wood Burning Pizza Ovens for the Restaurants

It must be noted that wood burning pizza ovens are a favorite for restaurants, which specialize in pizza. They are not only often attractively-looking, and fascinating for the customers of the restaurant to watch, but they are also extremely economical in use. A wood burning pizza oven with a small fire in the back is designed to maintain its heat through the whole day, and all this with using only a small amount of wood as a fuel.

At the same time, keeping a traditional oven going for the same amount of time would be really, really expensive. Wood burning ovens are also quite eco-friendly, because they produce no chemical gases.

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